Varicose veins are swollen veins that appear blue through the skin. Any vein can become varicose but your legs, especially your calf are mostly affected. Arteries carry blood from your heart to other parts of body and veins return back blood to your heart. Your leg movement squeezes the blood vessels and pushes blood up to your heart. There are valves in veins that prevent blood from flowing in wrong direction.
When a person is suffering from varicose veins, the walls of the veins stretch and it weakens the valves and prevents them to work properly. It is then that blood flows backward and builds up in vein causing it to swell.
This problem is mainly seen in people –
- Who are obese
- Who stand for long hours.
- During pregnancy.
This flowing of blood in wrong direction and then building up can cause serious problems like –
- Pain, heaviness and cramps.
- Swollen ankles.
- Brown patches and eczema.
There are many remedies through which this problem can be cured.
It is usually recommended to people who have tried all home remedies and other techniques, but haven’t got any relief. Dr. Elise Bernier in Sherbrooke recommends different types of surgery, which are possible depending upon the criticality of the patient.
Vein ligation –
It is a method where nerves are tied. This test was the initial treatment before new technologies came over. A small cut is made near your groin and the nerve is tied up.
Through surgery tiny veins that are creating varicose are removed permanently from the body.
In this procedure, your surgeon will again make a small cut near the groin at the top end of the varicose vein and another cut down the line by your knee or ankle. A thin wire is inserted through the vein and the vein is carefully pulled out through the lower cut. Even if a vein is removed functioning of the body parts do not stop as other veins take up the responsibility.
Endovascular Laser Therapy –
It is a practice that uses laser to destroy veins. It takes about 30 to 45 minutes and is done in surgeon’s office. This procedure is done with local anaesthesia and involves very minimum pain.
Radiofrequency Ablation –
Unlike laser therapy this process uses heat to destroy veins. The machine is placed and then heat is passed on the entire vein to destroy it. However, this process is successful only for short term.
If a patient is pregnant, it is advised to wait for 6 weeks’ post delivery. Generally, these varicose veins fade away after delivery. If the person is not suffering with any pain or burning sensation then it is advised to keep surgery as the last option.